Paul Gruhn is a Global Functional Safety Consultant with aeSolutions in Houston, Texas. Paul is an ISA Fellow, a member of the ISA 84 standard committee (on safety instrumented systems), the developer and instructor of ISA courses on safety systems, the author of two ISA textbooks, two chapters in other books, and over two dozen published articles, and the developer of the first commercial safety system software modeling program. Paul has a B.S. degree in Mechanical Engineering from Illinois Institute of Technology, is a licensed Professional Engineer (PE) in Texas, and both a Certified Functional Safety Expert (CFSE) and an ISA 84 Safety Instrumented Systems Expert. Paul’s hobbies include home brewing, golf, painting, guitar, and reading.
aeSolutions agrees with the findings of the Construction Industry Institute (CII). The CII has done extensive research on improving project success. Through quantitative analysis of 62 projects, as noted in Analysis of Pre-Project Planning Effort and Success Variables for Capital Facility Projects, they found that the front end loading (FEL) “effort level directly affects the […]
Hundreds of years ago, experienced master builders knew everything about their craft, designing and overseeing the building of pyramids, cathedrals, and bridges. Now the world is vastly more complicated, and no single person can know everything in a professional field. For example, in the early twentieth century, to become a doctor required a high school […]
Proper safety management can be taken to minimize risk. Modern industrial life has its rewards, but it also comes with risks. There is no such thing as absolute safety or zero risk. When major industry accidents happen, regulations often follow. In 1992, 29 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 1910.119 “Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous […]
Many plants must contend with outdated burner management systems (BMSs) on all sorts of equipment — boilers, process heaters, thermal oxidizers, incinerators, reformers, vaporizers, dryers, ovens, sulfur recovery units, kilns, calciners, furnaces, etc. Some of these brownfield installations may date back 40 years or more. Most systems originally were designed according to prescriptive standards, almost […]
The IEC 61511 standard includes a table listing the fault tolerance requirements for field devices for different safety integrity levels. There are clauses stating how the fault tolerance requirements may need to be increased in some cases, may be decreased in some cases, and alternative fault tolerance tables from IEC 61508 may be used in […]
A two‐prong templatized approach to multiple brownfield burner management system upgrades can result in significant cost savings. The first step requires coming up with an equivalent design for the safety instrumented burner management system following the ISA 84 safety lifecycle, as allowed in current NFPA standards. The second step utilizes a templatization approach for multiple units with common functionality that will allow an organization to further maximize savings. Actual experience doing this on repeat BMS projects indicate the level of overall savings can be as high as 75% on the safety lifecycle, 70% on the control system design and integration, and 35% on the operation and maintenance activities. The combined overall savings are roughly 60%.
The majority of process plants today are controlled and operated by automation systems built on Ethernet TCP/IP networks and legacy Microsoft operating systems. These systems are vulnerable to cybersecurity breaches resulting in potentially significant risks. Standards have been developed on how to assess and mitigate cyber risks to these systems. This paper provides an introductory summary of these topics.
The IEC 61511 standard includes a table listing the fault tolerance requirements for field devices for different safety integrity levels. There are clauses stating how the fault tolerance requirements may need to be increased in some cases, may be decreased in some cases, and alternative fault tolerance tables from IEC 61508 may be used in some cases. This paper will summarize all these requirements, as well as changes in the table that will appear in the second edition of IEC 61511 that is expected to be released in the summer of 2016.
It has been over 10 years since the first release of IEC 61511. That committee has worked diligently to create a 2nd edition. A CD (Committee Draft) went out for review and comment by the national committees in 2012. The FDIS (Final Draft International Standard) went out to the committee in November 2015. The standard should be released in 2016. Note that there may still be editorial changes to the standard, but no further technical changes will be accepted for this edition. This paper summarizes the differences between the first and second editions of IEC 61511.